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As early as the 11th century Russians from the Novgorod Republic had occasionally penetrated into Siberia.

In the 14th century the Novgorodians started exploring the Kara Sea and the West-Siberian river Ob.

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Following the settlement of East Slavs in the Russian Plain in the middle of the 1st millennium BC, through the next thousand years, most of European Russia came into the sphere of Slavic cultural and political influence, and finally became a part of the Russian state.

From the 11th century on, a group of Russians which settled the shores of the White Sea and became known as Pomors ("seaside-dwellers") began navigating in the freezing seas of the Arctic Ocean, gradually developing the first icebreaking ships known as kochi.

Contiguous exploration in Eurasia and the building of overseas colonies in Russian America were some of the primary factors in Russian territorial expansion.

Apart from their discoveries in Siberia, Alaska, Central Asia and the Extreme North, Russian explorers have made significant contributions to the exploration of the Arctic and Antarctic, the Pacific islands, as well as deep-sea and space exploration.

peninsula of peninsulas: A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides.

The Gay Alliance Resource Directory (GARD) was created and is maintained by the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and ally (LGBTA) community for the LGBTQ community. extend from the southern UK east to Russia and includes parts of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Poland, the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), Belarus … north European lowlands: lengthy arc (aka Great European Plain) of rivers and waterways, most densely populated region of Europe, agriculture, industries … Its main peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, Crimean and Balkan, located in southern Europe, and the Scandinavian and Jutland, located in northern Europe. Europe can be divided into four major physical regions, running from north to south: Western Uplands, North European Plain, Central Uplands and Alpine Mountains. western uplands: geologically older, lower, more stable than Alpines … Europe is a peninsula of the Eurasian supercontinent.It is a list of local, statewide and national resources for people in the Rochester community.